Titel: First English reading book: Engelsch leesboek voor instituten, gymnasiën en hoogere burgerscholen: met Nederlandsche woordenlijst
Auteur: Herrig, Ludwig
Uitgave: Arnhem: J. Voltelen, 1869 *
Auteursrechten: Zie auteursrechten
Citeerinstructie: Bijzondere Collecties van de Universiteit van Amsterdam, UBM: IWO 513 H 21
Onderwerp: Taal- en letterkunde naar afzonderlijke talen: Engelse taalkunde
Trefwoord: Leesvaardigheid, Engels, Leermiddelen (vorm)
* jaar van uitgave niet op de gebruikelijke wijze verkregen, mogelijk betreft het een schatting
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ders. In the last year of the war Rodney
engaged a French fleet, commanded by the
count De Grasse, in the West Indies. He
eaptured or destroyed eight of the enemy's
ships, and reduced the remainder to the
condition of wrecks.
While Rodney thus defeated the French
and Spaniards, another of England's naval
heroes chastised the Dutch. Admiral Par-
ker engaged off the Dogger-bank a Dutch
fleet of nearly twice the strength of his
own. The action was long and obstinate,
for the Dutch were the only people who
were a match for the Enghsh on the sea;
both fleets were disabled, especially that of
the Dutch, who were hardly able to get
into their ports.
The war in America had been transfer-
red to the southern provinces, where success
was at first mostly on the side of the Eng-
lish. But at length lord Cornwallis, the
British commander, with a force of about
seven thousand men, was shut up in York-
town , on the river Chesapeake, by a com-
bined American and French army of twelve
thousand men, while the fleet of count De
Grasse took its station in the river. A
gallant defence was made; but at length it
was found necessary to surrender. This
event terminated the war. A peace was
concluded soon after, in which Great Bri-
tain acknowledged the independence of her
colonies, which henceforth are known by
the name of the United States.
iTh. Keightley.)
The reinforcements which the British com-
mander , General Gage , expected from Eng-
land, arrived in May, and with the garrison
of Boston, formed an army of between
10,000 and 12,000 men; these were all well-
disciplined, and excellent troops, and com-
manded by Generals Howe, Clinton, and
Burgoyne, officers of experience and high
mihtary reputation. Each side looked for-
ward to the events of the approaching cam-
paign with the greatest anxiety. The Bri-
tish, in addition to their natural courage,
were animated with a desire to eradicate
the stain cast on the national character by
the defeat of Lexington; they could not
endure to reflect that the Americans had
seen English soldiers fly before them, nor
could they patiently submit to the world
the humiliating spectacle of a British army
closely imprisoned within the walls of a
city, and restrained by a herd of undisci-
plined rebels, and they were anxious to
shew, at any price, their superiority over
an enemy whom, until taught a different
lesson by dear-bought experience, they had
pretended to despise. The Americans, on
their part, were equally anxious for the
hour of action to arrive; stimulated by pre-
vious successes, they confidently anticipated
that new exertions would insure them new
In this state of things, it was evident
hostile movements would not be long de-
layed. The English general determined,
in the first instance, to direct his attention
to the peninsula and neck of Charlestown.
This intention soon became evident to the
American leader who determined to make
every exertion to defeat the design; and,
with that view, he gave instant directions
for fortifying the heights of Bunker's Hill,
a point which commanded the whold extent
of the peninsula of Charlestown; and, as a
preliminary step. Colonel Wilham Prescott
was despatched with a body of 1000 men,
to occupy the heights, and to raise entrench-
ments thereon. Prescott proceeded some-
what further even than his instructions went,
and pushed forward to Breed's HiU, an
eminence which overlooks Charlestown to
the north-east, upon the snmmit of which ,
during the night, he commenced his en-
The works were pushed with so much ar-
dour, that, the following morning, the 17th
of June, by daybreak, the Americans had
already constructed a square redoubt, ca-
pable of affording them some shelter from
the enemy's fire. The labour had been con-
ducted with such silence, that the English
had no suspicion of what was passing. It
was about four in the morning when the
captain of a ship of war first perceived it,
and began to play his artillery. The re-
port of the cannon attracted a multitude of
spectators to the shore.
The English generals doubted the testi-
mony of their senses. Meanwhile, it ap-
peared important to dislodge the provin-
cials, or at least to prevent them from com-
pleting the fortifications commenced; for,
as the height of Breed's HiH absolutely
commands Boston, the city was no longer
tenable, if the Americans erected a battery
upon this eminence.
The English, therefore, opened a general
fire of artillery from the city, the fleet, and
the floating batteries stationed around the
peninsula of Boston. It hailed a tempest
of bombs and bafls upon the works of the
Americans; they were especially incommod-
ed by the fire of a battery planted upon an