Boekgegevens
Titel: First English reading book: Engelsch leesboek voor instituten, gymnasiën en hoogere burgerscholen: met Nederlandsche woordenlijst
Auteur: Herrig, Ludwig
Uitgave: Arnhem: J. Voltelen, 1869 *
Auteursrechten: Zie auteursrechten
Citeerinstructie: Bijzondere Collecties van de Universiteit van Amsterdam, UBM: IWO 513 H 21
URL: https://schoolmuseum.uba.uva.nl/bookid/LCSM_204683
Onderwerp: Taal- en letterkunde naar afzonderlijke talen: Engelse taalkunde
Trefwoord: Leesvaardigheid, Engels, Leermiddelen (vorm)
* jaar van uitgave niet op de gebruikelijke wijze verkregen, mogelijk betreft het een schatting
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   First English reading book: Engelsch leesboek voor instituten, gymnasiën en hoogere burgerscholen: met Nederlandsche woordenlijst
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Thou art the shelter of the free;
The home, the port of liberty
Thou hast been, and shalt ever be,
Till time is o'er.
Ere I forget to think upon
My land, shall mother curse the son
She bore.
Thou art the firm unshaken rock,
Oii which we rest,
And, rising from thy hardy stock,
Thy sons the tyrant's frown shall mock,
And slavery's galling chains unlock,
And free the oppressed:
All, who the wreath of freedom twine.
Beneath the shadow of their vine
Are blest.
We love thy rude and rocky shore,
And here we stand —
Let foreign navies hasten o'er,
And on our heads their fury pour,
And peal their cannon's loudest roar.
And storm our land:
They still shall find, our lives are given
To die for home;— and leant on heaven
Our hand. (PerdTal.)
80. AMERICAN WAR.
The state of repose which the country
had enjoyed was broken by the disputes
with the American colonies. As the de-
fence of them had been a source of great
expense in the late war, it was asserted to
be only reasonable thut they should share
in the burden of taxation caused by it, and
it was proposed to levy stamp-duties and
some others in the colonies. The Ameri-
cans replied that the British parliament, as
they were not represented in it, had no
right to impose taxes on them, and that
the mother-country should be content with
having the monopoly of their trade. Their
arguments were unheeded, and a bill was
passed for levying the duties. The colon-
ists resolved not to submit, and as tea was
one of the articles on which duty was to
be paid, when the first ships laden with it
entered the port of Boston, a party of men,
disguised as Indians, went on board of them,
and flung their cargoes into the sea.
The British government resolved to re-
duce the provincials by force; the latter
prepared to resist, and an appeal was
speedily made to arms. The American mi-
litia, to the number of twenty thousand
men, blockaded Boston, and a smart action
ensued for the possession of an eminence
near that tow n, called Bunker's-hill, in which
the king's troops, though they suffered se-
verely, were finally successful. The Ame-
ricans gave the chief command of their
army to Washington, but though he was a
man of considerable military talent, as his
troops were mere militia, success was na-
turally on the side of the disciplined royal
troops; and had the English generals been
men of ability, the war might have been
brought to a speedy conclusion.
The first misfortune which befel the
British arms was in the third year of the
war. General Burgoyne advanced from Ca-
nada into the province of New York, witii
a force of ten thousand men. The Ameri-
cans retired before him, and he reached a
place named Saratoga, not far from Albany
on the river Hudson. Here, however, ho
soon found himself surrounded by an Ame-
rican army, three times as numerous as his
own, which kept up an incessant fire of
cannon and rifles on his troops, and he had,
moreover, no means of obtaining provisions.
His army was now reduced to less than six
thousand men; resistance was hopeless, and
the British troops saw themselves obliged
to lay down their arms and become pri-
soners of war.
On the intelligence of the surrender of
Burgoyne, the court of France resolved to
aid the colonies with men and money. Its
example was followed by that of Spain, and
soon also the Dutch shared in the wai
against England, who thus had to contend
single-handed against all the great mari-
time powers. But the ocean is the scene
of England's glory, and she had now, in
sir George Rodney, an admiral who could
humble the pride of France and Spain.
When Rodney was called by the kin};
himself to the service of his country, he took
the command of a fleet which was to con-
vey a squadron of transports to Gibraltar,
and then proceed to the West Indies. A
Spanish fleet, hoping to intercept the trans-
ports, lay off the coast of Portugal, in the
expectation that Rodney would there leave
them to proceed alone to Gibraltar. Tlii?^.
however, was not the intention of the
British admiral, and in the evening of the
16th of January, 1780, near Cape St. Vin-
cent, he brought the Spaniards to action.
The battle commenced in a gale of wind :
it was continued all through a stormy night,
and terminated in the destruction or cap-
ture of the whole Spanish fleet. Rodney
then proceeded to the West Indies, where
he engaged a French fleet about equal in
strength to his own; and he would have
gained a complete victory, had not his cap-
tains, imitating Bcnbow's, disobeyed his or-