Titel: First English reading book: Engelsch leesboek voor instituten, gymnasiën en hoogere burgerscholen: met Nederlandsche woordenlijst
Auteur: Herrig, Ludwig
Uitgave: Arnhem: J. Voltelen, 1869 *
Auteursrechten: Zie auteursrechten
Citeerinstructie: Bijzondere Collecties van de Universiteit van Amsterdam, UBM: IWO 513 H 21
Onderwerp: Taal- en letterkunde naar afzonderlijke talen: Engelse taalkunde
Trefwoord: Leesvaardigheid, Engels, Leermiddelen (vorm)
* jaar van uitgave niet op de gebruikelijke wijze verkregen, mogelijk betreft het een schatting
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   First English reading book: Engelsch leesboek voor instituten, gymnasiën en hoogere burgerscholen: met Nederlandsche woordenlijst
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part of the world, unless prohibited by act
of parliament.' Rivals in the trade started
up under the sanction of this declaration,
and they ultimately succeeded, by an ar-
rangement with the government, in ob-
taining a charter of incorporation. This
association, however, acted but feebly dur-
ing the three years of notice to which the
old Company was entitled; and so much
inconvenience was found to result from the
rivalship of the two corporations, that a
complete and final union was effected in
1708, when they took the common name of
*The United Company of Merchants trad-
ing to the East Indies.' The act of par-
liament which recognized this transaction,
established the Company upon the footing
on which, with some modifications, it re-
mained until the recent alterations. The
renewal of the charter in 1732 was not
obtained without difficulty, and against much
opposition. The Company therefore thought
it advisable, in 1744, to advance 1,000,000
L, at an interest of 3 per cent., for the
extension of their grant till 1780.
During the transactions which we have
thus briefly glanced over, the Company was
gradually fixing its roots in India. The
estabhshment of Fort St, George in 1640,
the grant of Bombay in 1668, and the
settlement of Calcutta in 1698, laid the
foundation for the extension of its posses-
sions into the interior of Hindostan, and
for that power which rose on the ruins of
the Mogul's empire. But although, towards
the conclusion of the seventeenth century,
the Company felt and avowed that terri-
torial acquisitions were necessary for the
security of its commerce, its political power
in India can only be considered to have
commenced subsequently to the renewal of
its charter in 1744. Until that period the
military organization of the Company had
been merely defensive, but it soon began
to occupy such a situation as made it, to
the native powers, an important ally, and
no contemptible opponent. We cannot here
even touch on the onward march of a power
which now rules over a population of
83,000,000 natives oflndia, besides 51,000,000
who are directly or indirectly under its
Such enormous expenses were incurred
by the enlargement of territory, that the
Company was obhged to petition parhament,
in 1773, for relief, in consequence of which
it obtained a loan of 1,400,000 L. for four
years; but, in return for this advance, and
for the sum of 400,000 L. a year, which
the Company had engaged to pay for per-
mission to hold its territories, and which
First Eogî. Reading Book.
governement engaged, for the time, to fore-
go, parliament took occasion to make con-
siderable changes in its constitution, and to
assume a general regulation of its affairs.
To render the control of the government
over the Company's affairs the more ef-
ficient, a board of six privy councillors was
established in 1784, with the duty of super-
intending its territorial concerns, and whose
approval was made necessary to all its
measures. The half-yearly inspection of its
pecuniary accounts had been previously
secured to the Treasury by the measure of
1773; but, on the renewal of the charter In
1813, it was directed that the accounts should
be laid before parliament yearly; and, on the
same occasion, the trade to India was thrown
open to the public under certain regulations,
while that to China, and the trade in tea
generally, were reserved exclusively to the
Company. The important act of August 28,
1832, deprived the Company of its remain-
ing commercial privileges, but left it in
possession of the goverimnent of the British
territories in India until 1854.
Hail to the land whereon we tread,
Our fondest boast:
The sepulchre of mighty dead,
The truest hearts that ever bled,
Who sleep on glory's brightest bed,
A fearless host:
No slave is here — our unchained feet
Walk freely, as the waves that beat
Our coast.
Our fathers crossed the ocean's wave
To seek this shore;
They left behind the coward slave
To welter in his living grave; —
With hearts unbent, and spirits brave,
They sternly bore
Such toils as meaner souls had quelled;
But souls like these, such toils impelled
To soar.
Hail to the morn, when first they stood
On Bunker's height,
And, fearless stemmed the invading flood,
And wrote our dearest rights in blood.
And mowed in ranks the hireling brood,
In desperate fight!
Oh! 'twas a proud, exulting day,
For even our fallen fortunes lay
In light.
There is no other land like thee,
No dearer shore;