Boekgegevens
Titel: First English reading book: Engelsch leesboek voor instituten, gymnasiën en hoogere burgerscholen: met Nederlandsche woordenlijst
Auteur: Herrig, Ludwig
Uitgave: Arnhem: J. Voltelen, 1869 *
Auteursrechten: Zie auteursrechten
Citeerinstructie: Bijzondere Collecties van de Universiteit van Amsterdam, UBM: IWO 513 H 21
URL: https://schoolmuseum.uba.uva.nl/bookid/LCSM_204683
Onderwerp: Taal- en letterkunde naar afzonderlijke talen: Engelse taalkunde
Trefwoord: Leesvaardigheid, Engels, Leermiddelen (vorm)
* jaar van uitgave niet op de gebruikelijke wijze verkregen, mogelijk betreft het een schatting
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Thee haughty tyrants ne'er shall tame;
Ail their attempts to bend thee down,
Will but arouse thy genrous ilame,
But work their woe and thy rennown.
Rule Britannia etc.
To thee belongs the rural reign:
Thy cities shall with commerce shine:
All thine shall be the subject main,
And every shore, it circles, thine.
Rule Britannia etc.
The muses still with freedom found.
Shall to thy happy coast repair,
Blest isle with matchless beauty crown'd,
And manly hearts to guard the fair.
Rule Britannia etc. (James Thomson.)
77. COLONIES AND DEPENDENCIES
OF GREAT BRITAIN.
Since the reign of Elizabeth, the British
had been active in planting and rearing
colonies; a means of national wealth first
prosecuted with distinguished success by
the Portuguese in the fifteenth century,
and afterwards by the Dutch. The British
colonies in North America chieily took
their rise in the reigns of James 1. and
Charles 1. The government having con-
ferred upon them political constitutions,
in which there were some liberal principles,
they became a favourite resort for the
English Dissenters, and others discontended
with the institutions of their native coun-
try, who here formed a society accordant
with their own notions, and became the
parents of a hardy, pious, and industrious
nation. The English establishments in the
West India islands were of somewhat later
date, the earliest being Barbadoes (1624),
and the half of St. Christopher's (1625).
Soon after, some other small islands were
added, and in 1655 Jamaica was taken by
Cromwell from the Spaniards. The West
India colonists at first cultivated little be-
sides cocoa and indigo; but before the
conclusion of the seventeenth century, they
had introduced the sugar cane, which has
since been their chief and most lucrative
product. In these colonies, as well as in
those of North America, the introduction
of slaves was unfortunately allowed and
encouraged by the mother country, for
facilitating labour.
In the reign of James 1., a company of
merchants, which finally settled, in 1698,
into the association known by the name of
the East India Company, began to form
trading stations or factories on various
parts of the coast of Hindostan, where
the Portuguese and Dutch had already esta-
blisheid a lucrative trade. This portion of
the earth had been inhabited for many
ages by a partially civilised people, ac-
knowledging the sway of a sultan of Maho-
metan descent, beneath whom there was
something like a feudal gradation of pro-
vincial governors. The jealousy of the
Dutch, and the rudeness and turbulence
of the native rulers, threw great difficul-
ties in the way of the East India Company ;
but at the close of the reign of King Wil-
liam. IIL, they had gained a considerable
footing in the country, at three grand
points, and established what were called
the Presidencies of Madras , Bombay, and
Bengal, where their general affairs were
administered by able officers. An embassy
to Delhi, in 1713, obtained from the em-
peror, among other advantages, an exemp-
tion of their goods from duty in passing
through the provinces of Bengal, and they
consequently became the principal carriers
from the ports of the Ganges. During the
ensuing thirty years, they had prospered
very rapidly, and they now possessed the
following settlements: — Bombay; Dabal,
in the province of Coucan; Carwar, in the
province of North Canara ; Tellicherry, on
the Malabar coast; Alengo, on the coast
of Travancore; Fort St. David; Madras;
Visigapatam and Balasore, on the Coro-
mandel coast; and Calcutta.
The French had also endeavoured to ob-
tain a share of the trade of Hindostan.
and they now had settlements at Pondi-
cherry, near Calcutta, and Chandernagore,
on the coast of the Carnatic. The hostiUty
of the French and English was transferred,
with even increased force, to this distant
region; and in 1746, the former attacked
and took Madras. At the peace of Aix-la-
Ghapelle, this settlement was restored to
the English; but a disputed succession in
the native Carnatic government soon after
renewed the contentions of the two parties
of settlers, one of whom sided with one
pretender to -the sovereignty, and the other
with the opposite party, in the hope of
rising to a commercial supremacy. In 1751
and 1752, a party of English troops, small
in comparison with the armies employed
in Europe, and conducted by a gentleman
named Clive, who had recently been a
clerk, obtained a series of victories over
the opposite party, while peace reigned be-
tween the respective nations at home.
The courts of France and England lost
not time in putting a stop to these hostili-