Boekgegevens
Titel: First English reading book: Engelsch leesboek voor instituten, gymnasiën en hoogere burgerscholen: met Nederlandsche woordenlijst
Auteur: Herrig, Ludwig
Uitgave: Arnhem: J. Voltelen, 1869 *
Auteursrechten: Zie auteursrechten
Citeerinstructie: Bijzondere Collecties van de Universiteit van Amsterdam, UBM: IWO 513 H 21
URL: https://schoolmuseum.uba.uva.nl/bookid/LCSM_204683
Onderwerp: Taal- en letterkunde naar afzonderlijke talen: Engelse taalkunde
Trefwoord: Leesvaardigheid, Engels, Leermiddelen (vorm)
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   First English reading book: Engelsch leesboek voor instituten, gymnasiën en hoogere burgerscholen: met Nederlandsche woordenlijst
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trine, which was published in the Philoso-
phical Transactions.
In 1664 he took his bachelor's degree,
and in 1667 he was elected fellow of Tri-
nity college. The following year he took
his master's degree, and in 1669 Dr. Barrow
resigned his mathematical professorship to
him. He was afterwards made warden of
the mint; and in the great recoinage which
followed, his suggestions were eminently
serviceable. In 1699, he was made master
and worker in the mint, in which situation
he continued until his death, having acquir-
ed the universal character of integrity and
disinterestedness.
In 1701 he made Mr. Whiston his de-
puty professor of mathematics at Cambridge,
and gave him all the salary from that time,
though he did not absolutely resign the
professorship till 1703, in which year he
was chosen President of the royal society,
and continued to fill that situation till his
death. On April the 16, 1705, he was
knighted by Queen Ann, at Trinity college
lodge, Cambridge.
While at the university, he spent the
greatest part of his time in his closet, and
when he was tired with the severer studies
of philosophy, his relief and amusement
was going to some other study, as history,
chronology, divinity, chemistry. After com-
ing to London, all the time he could spare
from his business, and from the civilities
of life, in which he was scrupulously exact
and complaisant' was employed in the same
way.
If all philosophy and mathematics were
considered as consisting of ten parts, nine
of them would be found to be improved
by his invention. Of his philosophy, the
great principle is the power of gravity:
this had been taught by Kepler, but Newton
had the merit of reducing Kepler's ideas
to mathematical demonstration. His system
was first made public in 1687, but re-
published in 1713, with considerable im-
provements.
His glory rests chiefly on his mathema-
tical applications of a law, know^n before
his time, which he called the law of gravity,
viz, that all bodies attract each other di-
rectly as their quantities of matter, and
inversely as the square of their distances;
and this law he ascribed to an innate pro-
perty of all bodies. He then, in applying
this law to the motions of the planets, in-
vented a counteracting projectile force; and,
to perpetuate this, alledged that space was
a vacuum. These doctrines have always
been questioned, but it has been shewn
recently, that the very law ascribed to
gravity, is the law by which all force, or
motion, is necessarily propagated through
a fluid medium; that the supposed attrac-
tion of the earth is a neccessary result of
its twofold motions; that the tides are re-
sults of the muttial motions of the earth
and moon; and in fine, that all the pheno-
mena ascribed to the universal gravitation
of Newton are, in truth, caused by local
transferred motions — motion being the
universal agent, and matter the universal
patient.
This illustrious man died on the 20th of
March, 1727, at the age of 48, retaining
all his faculties and senses to the end of
his life. Although he had lived with great
splendour and liberality, and had originally
but a small paternal property, he accumu-
lated 32,000 L, of personal estate. His re-
mains were interred in Westminster-abbey,
with great magnificence, at the public ex-
pence; and a monument was erected in the
abbey to his memory.
75. THE DUKE OF MARLBOROUGH.
King William III. was succeeded on the
throne by the princess Anne, second daughter
of king James, by his first wife, the daughter
of lord Clarendon. She was a weak and
obstinate, but well-meaning woman, and she
was zealously attached to the protestant re-
ligion.
To prevent Louis of France from get-
ting the crown of Spain for his grandson,
king William, the emperor of Germany, and
the Dutch, had entered into a league, call-
ed the Grand AlHance, to procure that
crown for the emperor's son, the archduke
Charles. Queen Anne, on her accession,
declared that she would follow^ up the meas-
ures of the late king, and war was declar-
ed against France by the three powers on
the same day. The English queen gave
the chief command of her forces to John
Churchill, earl (afterwards duke) of Marl-
borough, a name ever memorable in the
annals of England and of Europe. Though
her troops may be said never to have sus-
tained a defeat in a regular battle, nature
has not destined England to be a great mi-
litary power. She has therefore only two
names to place on a line with the great
generals of the continent; but these names,
Marlborough and Wellington, will bear a
comparison with any of ancient or modern
times. Neither of them ever sustained a
defeat; each was rewarded by the highest
honours his grateful country could bestow.